Although we’re keen that researchers can use the Four Mountains Test freely in their work, we need to ensure that the test materials do not become widely available to the general public (because widespread familiarity with the materials might undermine their use in future research or clinical practice). We also want to ensure that our work is not exploited by others without attribution or for commercial advantage.


You are free to:


Use the test materials for non-commercial research.


When publishing findings based on your use of the test materials you must:


Acknowledge the authors by including an attribution statement or, for research publications which make reference to the test, test scores or test materials a citation to:


Hartley, T., Bird, C. M., Chan, D., Cipolotti, L., Husain, M., Vargha‐Khadem, F., & Burgess, N. (2007). The hippocampus is required for short‐term topographical memory in humans. Hippocampus, 17(1), 34-48.


and any other more recent relevant references listed at


You are not permitted to:


Remove from the test materials any copyright notice, license or references to this license and website

Reproduce the test materials

Redistribute the test materials

Exercise any of the rights granted to you by this license in any manner that is primarily intended for or directed toward commercial advantage or private monetary compensation.


The test materials are licensed ‘as is’ and the authors exclude all representations, warranties, obligations and liabilities in relation to the Information to the maximum extent permitted by law.

The authors are not liable for any errors or omissions in the test materials and shall not be liable for any loss, injury or damage of any kind caused by its use. The authors do not guarantee the continued supply of the test materials. The terms of this license may change from time to time. In using the test you agree to the current terms as displayed at